There are three main players in the work flow of SWMS — local authority, waste collection contractor and citizen. The local authority is responsible to add, register and view data sensor and also update and view contractor, view and update waste schedule plus and respond to complaints. The waste collection contractor is responsible to pick up waste based on the indicator appearing on the map and respond to the status of each bin in their job scope. The citizen will give the feedback by filling in the complaint form online.
SWMS consists of web browser, mobile browser and mobile apps as shown in the Figure. The method used to design and develop Core Smart City application is called Device Agnostic Solution. This is to address the increasing number of people browsing information over the web with
difference devices, viewer resolutions and browsers. Device Agnostic Solution is suitable for most devices (ideally all devices) and be responsive nevertheless. These responsive designs which strictly obey the device-agnostic approach, without any doubt, present the content in the best possible manner that is appropriate for the device on the screen.
The hardware involves three type of platform which are being used – waspmote, myrio and arduino. The platform is powered by solar panel.
SWMS Spatial Elements
The scope of work for proposed SWMS GIS spatial data is to provide geo-location of authority boundary area, contractor maintenance and waste bin location.
i. Collect the Spatial Data: The data will be gather by meeting with related authorities for each selected area according to the Smart City GIS System proposed category.
ii. Analysing the Spatial Data: Once the spatial data is received, the data will be analysed using certain GIS softwares to make sure all data is in good condition and search for any issues related to the data.
iii. Solve the Issues Occurred: After finishing analysing and acquiring the outcome results, some recommendations and solutions can be suggested to overcome the issues.
iv. Prepare the Data within the Scope Needed: After the data is corrected, the spatial data will be prepared according to each category of Smart City GIS System for each selected authority.
The objective of SWMS is to provide value-addition to the existing SWM process for waste management under local authorities, to help in decision making for waste management processes, to ensure the contractors follow the work procedure, and to improve waste collection services delivery which comes under the responsibility of local authority.