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Solid Waste Management Rules Revised

The Environment Ministry of India has revised Solid Waste Management Rules after 16 years. The Rules are now applicable beyond municipal areas and will extend to urban agglomerations, census towns, notified industrial townships, areas under the control of Indian Railways, airports, airbase, port and harbour, defence establishments, special economic zones, State and Central government organizations, places of pilgrims, religious & historical importance.

The responsibility of waste generators has been introduced to segregate waste into three categories – Wet, Dry and Hazardous Waste. According to the revised rule, the generator will have to pay ‘User Fee’ to the waste collector and a ‘Spot Fine’ for littering and non-segregation, the quantum of which will be decided by the local bodies. Addressing the press, Prakash Javadekar, Environment Minister stated that waste processing facilities will be set up by all local bodies having one million or more population within two years. In case of census towns below one million population, setting up common, or stand-alone sanitary landfills by, or for all local bodies having 0.5 million or more population and for setting up common, or regional sanitary landfills by all local bodies and census towns under 0.5 million population will have to be completed in three years.

The Government has also constituted a Central Monitoring Committee under the chairmanship of Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change to monitor the overall implementation of the Rules.

Salient features of SWM Rules, 2016 include:

  1. The Rules are now applicable beyond Municipal areas and extend to urban agglomerations, census towns, notified industrial townships, areas under the control of Indian Railways, airports, airbase, Port and harbour, defence establishments, special economic zones, State and Central government organizations, places of pilgrims, religious & historical importance.

  2. The source segregation of waste has been mandated to channelize the waste to wealth by recovery, reuse and recycle.

  3. Responsibilities of Generators have been introduced to segregate waste in to three streams, Wet (Biodegradable), Dry (Plastic, Paper, metal, wood, etc.) and domestic hazardous wastes (diapers, napkins, empty containers of cleaning agents, mosquito repellents, etc.) and handover segregated wastes to authorized rag-pickers or waste collectors or local bodies.

  4. Integration of waste pickers/ ragpickers and waste dealers/Kabadiwalas in the formal system should be done by State
    Governments, and Self Help Group, or any other group to be formed.\

  5. No person should throw, burn, or bury the solid waste generated by him, on streets, open public spaces outside his premises, or in the drain, or water bodies.

  6. Generator will have to pay ‘User Fee’ to waste collector and for ‘Spot Fine’ for Littering and Non-segregation.

  7. Used sanitary waste like diapers, sanitary pads should be wrapped securely in pouches provided by manufacturers or brand owners of  these products or in a suitable wrapping material and shall place the  same in the bin meant for dry waste / non- bio-degradable waste.

    The Environment Ministry of India has revised Solid Waste Management Rules after 16 years. The Rules are now applicable beyond municipal areas and will extend to urban agglomerations, census towns, notified industrial townships, areas under the control of Indian Railways, airports, airbase, port and harbour, defence establishments, special economic zones, State and Central government organizations, places of pilgrims, religious & historical importance.The responsibility of waste generators has been introduced to segregate waste into three categories – Wet, Dry and Hazardous Waste. According to the revised rule, the generator will have to pay ‘User Fee’ to the waste collector and a…

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