A study conducted by the World Bank found that India has been incurring an annual loss of about र540 billion over lack of toilets and poor hygiene. The World Bank report India does not have adequate sanitation facilities, economic impactstated that waste lying around was the primary cause of premature deaths and health problems. These factors are also affecting the country’s tourism industry.
Treatment of diseases like diarrhoea, malaria and trachoma results in a loss of the World Bank’s grant of $38.5 billion; maintenance of public toilets causes a loss of $10,070,000; lack of tourism facilities result in a further loss of $260,000,000. In both urban and rural India, millions of people still use open spaces to relieve themselves. There is no proper washing area and drainage system. In such a health scenario, India reports 575 million cases of diarrhoea out of which 45 million die every year. This report based on data collected in 2006, quantified India’s economic loss, and how children & poor families are most affected by poor sanitation. However, experts say the figures remain the same even now.