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Gujarat: Towards Zero-Waste Goal

The second largest growing State of India, Gujarat, in the last five years has initiated various processes, programmes and projects to implement best practices in waste management & recycling, cleanliness & hygiene and sanitation. Clean India Journal interacts with the Gujarat Urban Development Company and the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation on the progress and future plans as the State moves towards achieving its goal of zero waste. A report

After the successful implementation process of Nirmal Gujarat, this year February, Gujarat launched the Mahatma Gandhi Swachhta Mission, five-year cleanliness & hygiene drive which will culminate with the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi in 2019. Under the Mission, a revolutionary and sustained effort through public participation will be put in place in sanitation covering all rural and urban areas. Empowering the people, especially women, through sanitation and hygiene best practices and with the enforcement of ‘Zero-waste policy,’ the mission is aimed to create a ‘plastic-waste free Gujarat’ by 2019.

Some of the schemes initiated under the Nirmal Gujarat will continue into the MGSM programmes. Highlighting the programmes, Mona Khandhar, Secretary and Commissioner (Housing), Additional In Charge MD-Urban Development & Urban Housing Department, said, “The Swachchhta Mission has been constituted at the State level for implementation and monitoring of phase-wise development of components between 2014-15 and 2018-19. These components include solid waste, liquid waste, e-waste, public toilets and water bodies.

“Moving towards zero-waste city policy, 100% door-to-door collection, transportation and processing of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), and scientific disposal at landfill will be implemented. Products generated from solid waste as vermi-compost, soil enricher and green energy/power can be useful for economic development as well as environment protection for the State.”

The Mission also puts down the processes for reuse and recycling of treated solid/liquid waste to utilize the amount of waste generated, and scientific disposal of solid & liquid waste as integrated waste management steps.

“Construction of Underground drainage network and sewage treatment plants for reuse and recycling of water for various purposes like agriculture, industry, and to conserve water bodies will be taken under consideration,” Mona Khadhar added.

Under the City Sanitation Plan for all cities, the setting up of individual toilets for houses and pay & use community toilets will move towards total eradication of open defecation. “Grants will be provided for individual as well as community toilet development. As part of the intensive sanitation drive, for the first three months, financial aid, equipment & technical assistance, training & capacity building and action plan for implementation will be provided to all ULBs.” The comprehensive plan has also considered free health check-up twice a year for sanitation and drainage workers.

With more emphasis to create a paper-free State and to digitalisation, the State will provide e-Waste collection vans and initiate recycling projects. “A proposed expenditure of `7000 crores during the next five years through convergence of different schemes has been envisaged,” said Mona Khandhar.

Gujarat, with a 1600km long coastline, has eight Corporations, 159 ULBs and 105 ADAs. Explaining the existing set of the urban bodies, Hetal Sorathia (Architect Planner), Dy Manager (Projects)-Gujarat Urban Development Limited (GUDC), said that the basic action plan for collection, transportation, treatment and disposal was in place.

The Mission puts down the processes for reuse and recycling of treated solid/liquid waste to utilize the amount of waste generated, and scientific disposal of solid & liquid waste as integrated waste management steps.

Total 36 clusters will cover all 159 ULBs & seven Municipal Corporations. The eighth one, Gandhinagar has recently been included. Seven Municipal Corporations will cover 42 ULBs. About 29 clusters covering 117 ULBs are under the scope of GUDC, out of which for seven clusters Scientific Engineered landfill (SLFs) construction will be done by GUDC. About 22 clusters will be covered.

The cluster approach implemented for ULBs involves distribution of vehicles, tools & equipment for primary and secondary collection at each stage besides training. So far 90% door to door collection has been achieved. About 70,000 vehicles had been distributed in 2008 at the cost of `88 crores. There is a demand for 78,500 equipment like bins, containers lifting devices, tractors and 12 different kinds of equipment. The tendering process has been completed and the selected machines will be distributed soon.

Collection & transportation
• Adoption of cluster approach for non-organic type of waste
• Door-to-door collection; extent of coverage is 90%
• Over 70000 vehicles/equipment supplied to all ulbs at a cost of rs88 crore
Treatment & disposal
• Construction of vermi-compost plants (vcp) in 93 ulbs completed
• 75 Vermi-compost plants under o &m
• Compost/ soil-enricher for agricultural purpose
Scientifically Engineered Landfill
• Facility
• Himmatnagar
• Dhandhuka
• Viramgam
• Khambhat
• Godhra
• Patan
• Palanpur
These facilities for seven clusters will cover 37 ULBs. Construction of these seven SLF were completed in December 2013. The handing and taking over processes are under progress.

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