As the Make In India initiative continues to take flight, the exponential growth of India’s manufacturing sector will be accompanied by a concomitant increase in the demand for cleaning chemicals and machines, to ensure the highest standard of cleanliness and hygiene both at the factory, and in the products it makes. While this manufacturing boom is taking place across India, there are some hubs which are home to more than one kind of product manufacturing industry, and which should hence be focus areas for the cleaning industry as well. The Clean India Journal profiles three such manufacturing hubs, their growth trajectories and their cleaning needs:
Situated on the shore of the Gulf of Khambat, the coastal district of Bharuch has historically been a trade centre, and continues to grow as one. Natural resources found in the vicinity, as well as its strategic location ensure that it continues to attract massive investments, without exhausting its potential.
Industries in Bharuch: Petroleum, petrochemicals, pharmaceutical, chemicals, fertiliser, metal fabrication, shipbuilding.
• Spread over 5,000 hectares of land and with excellent access to the entire north-western Indian hinterland, the port of Dahej in Bharuch has cargo handling capacity of around 22 MMTPA. More than INR 7,000 million has been invested in its development.
• The Dahej port handles fertilizers, rock phosphate naphtha, ammonia, coal & coke, propylene, ethylene, copper concentrate, methanol, coconut oil, phosphoric acid and soya beans.
• Port-based industries have their own private cargo docks, like Birla Copper, Reliance petroleum, Gujarat Chemical Port Terminal Company Limited (GCPTCL), Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL),
• The recently constructed Dahej-Bharuch Rail Link connects the port to India’s vast rail network.
• Bharuch has eight SEZ’s and 16 industrial estates. Over 12,000 small scale industries are present in Bharuch, with an investment of INR 55,224 lakhs.
• Just one SEZ in Dahej covers a total land area of 1682 Hectares.
• The Dahej SEZ lies within 50 km of the eightlane Delhi-Mumbai freight corridor.
While INR 63,651 crore investments have already commenced, INR 1,05,989 crore investments are under implementation or committed, in just the chemicals and etrochemicals sector alone.
• For organic petrochemicals, a combination of air or steam stripping, granular activated carbon, wet oxidation, ion exchange, reverse osmosis, and electro-dialysis is used. A typical system may include neutralization, coagulation/flocculation, flotation/sedimentation/filtration, biodegradation (trickling filter, anaerobic, aerated lagoon, rotating biological contactor, and activated sludge), and clarification. A final polishing step using filtration, ozonation, activated carbon, or chemical treatment may also be required.
• In the ship-building industry, nozzles and static spray balls are used..
The northern town of Ludhiana is the garment and cycle manufacturing hub of the country. As rising disposable incomes fuel the explosive growth of e-commerce, Ludhiana will contain to be the main supplier of readymade apparel to sellers across the country.
Industries in Ludhiana: Apparel industry manufacturing woollen garments and hosiery apparel, hand tools and industrial equipment, bicycle manufacturing, bicycle parts and metals fabrication
• Six industrial areas, exporting garments & apparel, cycle parts, milk products and agricultural implements.
• 90% of the nation’s output of woollen/acrylic hosiery comes from this region. Ludhiana’s knitwear cluster has a highly diversified base with about 11,000 formal and informal firms, and employs more than 200,000 workers.
•The total size of Ludhiana’s hosiery industry is about INR 14,000 crore
• Ludhiana’s Hero Group is producing 10 million cycles annually, or 7.5% of the world production.
• Govt. of Punjab has decided to set-up the Hi-Tech Cycle Valley through the Punjab Small Industries and Export Corporation (PSIEC) in Ludhiana, which will create a global hub for manufacturing products related predominantly to the mobility domain such as auto components, bicycles, bicycle parts, and electric vehicles such as e-bikes and e-rickshaws. Apart from spending INR 300 crore on infrastructure, the government is expecting the project to attract an investment of INR 1,000-1,500 crore.
• 100 acres of undeveloped land have been allotted to Hero Cycles, whose new industrial park will be up and running in less than three years, and have a production capacity of 4 million bicycles per annum.
• A private textile park is set to come up in Ludhiana.
• To encourage industry, medium units with high load will get electricity at just INR 5 per unit.
• Ludhiana’s textile industry is growing by 10-15% every year.
Depending upon the type of textile, the water application per unit weight of fabric, optimal water temperature, contact time, number of washes required and duration of the washing cycle, a gamut of washing equipment is required.
With over 4,000 industrial units of different types in this area near Pune, the Pimpri-Chinchwad has come to be known as Industrial Township. After independence, one of the first large-scale industries founded anywhere in India was established here: Hindustan Antibiotics Ltd, which manufactured penicillin. With economic liberalisation and the advent of foreign investment, it became the automobile hub of India.
Industries in Pimpri-Chinchwad: Automobiles, heavy machines, food processing and dairy products, pharma.
• There are two large scale MIDC (Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation’s) industrial areas located in this twin town at Bhosari and at Chinchwad.
• Automobile giants such as Bajaj Auto, TATA Motors, Kinetic Engineering, Force Motors and Daimler Chrysler all have manufacturing facilities here.
• Tata Motors was the first large scale automobile manufacturer in the Pimpri-Chinchwad area, producing cars since 1945. Today, it is the largest automobile company manufacturing commercial and passenger vehicles in India. Its R & D department in this facility alone employs over 5,000 engineers and technicians.
• Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd. (KOEL) facility manufactures oil engines of a wide range of sizes, not only meeting domestic requirement but also exporting its engines, mainly to its wide distribution network in the Middle East. As India’s electricity requirements shoot up, the need for a standby source of power will continue to increase. The most widely purchased generator set in the country today is manufactured by KOEL.
• KOEL is also frequently the first choice for earth moving, construction, mining, and fluid handling equipment.
• Started by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India, and supported by the Government of Maharashtra and the Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation, the Auto Cluster Development and Research Institute provides an area of common facility, validation, training, seminar, workshop and market promotional activities especially for the automotive and engineering sector.
• The recently founded Pune Food Hub is dedicated to increasing and improving the online presence of businesses associated with the food processing Industry based in and around Pimpri- Chinchwad.
• India’s 61 lakh crore food processing industry is expected to grow at the world’s highest CAGR of 5%.
• Maharashtra’s new industrial land use policy will unlock closed units by allowing 20,000 square metres of contiguous land in MIDC areas to develop into industrial clusters.
• The state government has recently unveiled a new five-year industrial policy (2019-24) under which new Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) units will get a power subsidy of 1 rupee per unit consumed. This subsidy will be maintained for at least five years.
• In the pharma industry, mixing tanks, tablet presses, capsule fillers, centrifuges, granulators, filling lines, mixers, conveyors, filters, fluid lines, batch process tanks, tubes and flasks all need to be thoroughly cleaned, not only every day but between batches of manufacturing various drugs.
• Carbon Dioxide based snow jet cleaning which uses dry, environmentally-neutral, liquid carbon dioxide, accelerated by compressed air and jetsprayed onto the component to be cleaned is the future of cleaning automobile parts. Since, on average, the investment costs for such a cleaning system are up to 50 per cent below those for a conventional wet chemical system, the operating costs are also up to 30 per cent lower, making it the preferred choice.
In the coming issues, Clean India Journal
will cover more such fast-growing cities across India